GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION

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Râşnov, named in antiquity Cumidava, is a city in Braşov county, located in the south-west of the Braşov Depression, along the Ghimbăşel river. Located in the centre of the country, in the upper area of Ţara Bârsei (Burzenland), at the bottom of Postăvaru massif and at a small distance from Bucegi Mountains and Piatra Craiului, Râşnov city still keeps, for centuries, the same historical savour. Râşnov is located at an average altitude of over 650 m above the sea level, at the intersection of the meridian 25°27´ east with the parallel 45°35´ north. Within the county, Râşnov has a south-western position, being located along the National Road DN 73, at approximately 9 km from the touristic resort Poiana Braşov, 15 km from Braşov Municipality and 25 km from Predeal city. Râşnovul was known even since the end of the 19th century as a very appreciated climatic settlement, where the guests found, besides the natural conditions, peace, clean houses, abundant and varied food for quite low prices and, most important, kind persons. The signatures, appreciations and impressions left in the town registers by visitors in time proves that the Râşnov Citadel has drawn especially historians, archaeologists, intellectuals, but also numerous tourists. Râşnov city has a population of over 17000 inhabitants, located in areas with houses and apartment blocks neighbourhoods and does not have in its composition other localities.

HISTORY

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The history of Râşnov city dates from the Dacian age, when the cumivadens Dacians lived on the territory of the locality. In antiquity, the name of Râşnov was “Comidava’’, than it was Romanized in “Cumidava’’, being mentioned for the first time in this form on a stone monument dating from the age of the emperor Alexander Severus. Ţara Bârsei (Burzenland) was colonized in the 13th century with Germanic populations named “Saşi’’ (Transylvanian Saxons), which came from the western part of the German Empire. The name of this Transylvanian settlement may be a memory of the Transylvanian Saxon colonists, because it is said that in the Râşnov area were brought colonists from a locality called “Rosenau’’ one the valley of the Rhine. In 1427, the emperor Sigismund of Luxemburg visited Râşnov and its citadel, granting the locality the right to hold fairs, so that, in time, the locality acquired a commercial importance. After the battle in 1600 from Miroslau, the troops of Mihai Viteazul robbed the locality, but did not succeed in conquering the Râşnov Citadel. Due to the fact that Râşnov was located along the road which connected Ţara Bârsei to Bran gate, it was ran over by hordes of Turks and Tatars, which invaded and destroyed everything the people of Râşnov built. Thus, it was decided to built the Râşnov Citadel, which became the symbol of Râşnov and today is the main touristic attraction. In 1929, Râşnov commune received the status of climatic resort due to the favourable geographic framework, as a result it had a new economic opportunity, namely tourism. During the communism period, the authorities in Râşnov industrialized the area, so that neighbourhoods of dwellings were built for those who came for jobs and in 1950 Râşnov commune became a city.

CLIMATE

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The climate is mostly temperate-continental, more wet and cold in the mountain areas, with relatively low precipitations and slightly low temperatures in the depression areas. During summer we usually find a temperature between 22°C-27°C and during winter between 18°C and -2°C. During winter, the temperatures do not reach extreme values, the annual average being 4, 5°C.